The term church artifacts (in Greek Naoskevi) refers to the equipment of the Church, which consists of a set of objects that serve various functions in the ecclesiastical ritual. These include bulky furniture as well as smaller vessels, while in the same category we also find functional fabrics, as well as portable icons. All ecclesiastical objects, regardless whether they are made of precious or cheap materials, play a special role in Christian worship both on a practical and on a symbolic level.

Many of the impressive specimens of the church equipment that we see in the Museum's exhibition halls are offerings of local ship-owners. Those people who were critically important for the development of the island also donated to the church artifacts of exceptional quality, covering a period from the 12th to the 20th century and originating from various ports of the world.